-: LOCALIZATION OF ECONOMY :-


Article 13.1 :

There shall be 5 types of legislative lists namely (a) Legislative List For The Village i.e. GRAM SUCHI (vide schedule 1) (b) Legislative List For The District i.e. JILLA SUCHI (vide schedule 2)  (c) Legislative List For The State i.e. RAJYA SUCHI (vide schedule 3) (d) Legislative List For The Union i.e. KENDRA SUCHI (vide schedule 4)  (e) Legislative list for justice i.e. NYAY SUCHI (vide schedule 5)

Article 13.2 :

Gram Sabha will be competent authority to make any law relating to any subject in Gram Suchi.

Article 13.3 :

Jilla Panchayat will be competent authority to make any law relating to any subject in Jilla Suchi.

Article 13.4 :

Vidhan Sabha of a state will be competent authority to make any law relating to any subject in Rajya Suchi.

Article 13.5 :

Lok Sabha will be competent authority to make any law relating to any subject in Kendra Suchi.

Article 13.6 :

Rashtriya Nyay Sabha will be competent authority to make any law relating to Nyay Suchi.

Article 13.7 :

Legislative list for village i.e. Gram Suchi will be the concurrent list for Gram Sabha, Taluka Panchayat and Jilla Panchayat.

Article 13.8 :

Legislative list for district Jilla Suchi will be concurrent list for Taluka Panchayat, Jilla Panchayat and state Government.

Article 13.9 :

Legislative list for state Rajya Suchi will be concurrent list for state and Central Government.

Article 13.10 :

Legislative list for union will be only for Central Government.

Article 13.11 :

In any conflict of laws made by two different legislative authorities, the law passed by lower authority will prevail over.

Illustrations :-

1.   If law is passed by Taluka Panchayat also and district panchayat also on the same subject, the law of Taluka Panchayat will prevail over in that Taluka.

2.      If law is passed by District Panchayat and State Government on the same subject, the law of District Panchayat will prevail over in that district

Article 13.12 :

District panchayat can deligate any or all legilative powers to Taluka panchayats.

Article 13.13 :

District panchayat can delegate any or all legislative powers to any or all Municipalities.

Article 13.14 :

State Government can delegate any or all legislative powers to any or all Municipal Corporations.

Article 13.15 :

Legislative powers of village is applicable to Municipalities.

Article 13.16 :

Legislative powers of district is applicable to Muni. Corporation.

SCHEDULE  1 : VILLAGE LIST GRAM SUCHI

1.                  Security of life and property.

2.                  Drinking water.

3.                  Agriculture, including land ceiling.

4.                  Irrigation, water management and watershed development.

5.                  Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry.

6.                  Rural electrification, including generation and distribution of electricity.

7.                  Khadi, village and cottage industries.

8.                  Small scale industries, including food processing industries.

9.                  Education, including primary and secondary schools and colleges.

10.             Trade and commerce within and outside the village including export.

11.             Police.

12.             All judiciary matters relating to village.

13.             Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation.

14.             Forestry including social forestry and farm forestry.

15.             Forest produce

16.             Rural housing.

17.             Fuel and fodder.

18.             Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways and other means of communication.

19.             Non-conventional energy sources.

20.             Poverty alleviation protalukas.

21.             Women and child development.

22.             Technical training and vocational education.

23.             Adult and non-formal education.

24.             Family welfare.

25.             Health and sanitation, including hospitals, primary health centres and dispensaries.

26.             Social welfare.

27.             Welfare of the weaker sections.

28.             Public distribution system.

29.             Narrocasting

30.             Property ceiling and acquisition.

31.             Ban on Intoxicating liquors, that is to say, the production, manufacture, possession, transport, purchase and sale of intoxicating liquors.

32.             Ban on betting and gambling.

33.             Banning of slaughter houses.

34.             Land revenue and maintenance of land records.

35.             Taxes on agricultural income.

36.             Taxes on property.

37.             Taxes on luxuries, including taxes on entertainments, amusements.

38.             Taxes on income other than agricultural income.

39.             Taxes on income from outside the village.

40.             Capitation taxes.

41.             Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences.

42.             Cattle pounds; prevention of cruelty to animals.

43.             Ponds and the prevention of cattle trespass.

44.             Non agricultural land.

45.             Works, lands and buildings vested in or in the possession of the village.

46.             Markets and fairs.

47.             Libraries and cultural activities.

48.             Theatres and dramatic performances; cinemas, sports, entertainments and amusements.

49.             Money-lending and money-lenders; relief of agricultural indebtedness.

50.             Pilgrimages.

51.             Maintenance of community assets.”

52.             Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths.

53.             Treasure trove.

SCHEDULE 2 : DISTRICT LIST : JILLA SUCHI

1.                  Industries other than small scale industries.

2.                  Irrigation within the District.

3.                  Urban planning including town planning.

4.                  Planning of land-use and construction of buildings.

5.                  Planning for economic and social development.

6.                  Roads and bridges.

7.                  Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purpose.

8.                  Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management.

9.         Fire services.

10.       Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects.

11.             Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded.

12.             Slum improvement and up gradation.

13.             Urban & rural poverty alleviation.

14.             Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, play-grounds.

15.             Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects.

16.             News papers.

17.             Taxes on vehicles, whether mechanically propelled or not, suitable for use on roads, including tramcars.

18.             Rates of stamp duty in respect of documents.

19.             Libraries, museums and other similar institutions ancient and historical monuments and records.

20.             Communications, that is to say, roads, bridges, ferries, and other means of communication municipal tramways; roadways; inland waterways and traffic thereon.

21.             Agriculture, including agricultural education and research.

22.             Regulation of mines and mineral development with respect to regulation and development.

23.             Industries.

24.             Gas and gas works.

25.             Taxes on mineral rights.

26.             Medicinal and toilet preparations containing alcohol

27.             Trade unions; industrial and labour disputes.

28.             Factories.

29.             Boilers.

30.             Electricity.

31.             Newspapers, books and printing presses.

32.             Archaeological sites and remains.

33.             Incorporation, regulation and winding up of universities; unincorporated trading, literacy, scientific, religious and other societies and associations; co-operative societies.

34.             Manufacture, supply and distribution of salt.

35.             Sanctioning of cinematograph films for exhibition.

36.             Taxes on income other than agricultural income.

37.             Corporation tax.

38.             Taxes on the capital value of the assets, exclusive of agricultural land, of individuals taxes on the capital of companies.

39.             Transfer of property other than agricultural land; registration of deeds and documents.

40.             Contracts, including partnership, agency, contracts of carriage, and other special forms of contracts.

41.             Trust and trustees.

42.             Forest.

43.             Adulteration of foodstuffs and other goods.

44.             Drugs and poisons, with respect to opium.

45.             Economic and social planning.

46.             Custody, management and disposal of property

47.             Social security and social insurance; employment and unemployment.

48.             Welfare of labour including conditions of work, employers liability, workmen’s compensation, invalidity and old age facility and maternity benefits.

49.             Education, including technical education, medical education and universities, vocational and technical training of labour.

50.             Legal, medical and other professions.

51.             Charities and charitable institutions, charitable and religious endowments and religious institutions.

52.             Prevention of the extension from one State to another of infectious or contagious diseases of pests affecting men, animals or plants.

53.             Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds and electric crematoriums.

SCHEDULE 3 : STATE LIST : RAJYA SUCHI

1.         Industries,

2.         Mines

3.         Broad Casting

4.         Trade and commerce with foreign countries;

5.            Atomic energy and mineral resources necessary for its production.

6.           Shipping and navigation on inland waterways.

7.            Maritime shipping and navigation.

8.            Lighthouses, including lightships, beacons and other provisions for the safety of shipping and aircraft.

9.             Ports.

10.        Port quarantine, including hospitals connected therewith; seamen’s and marine hospitals.

11.        Airways; aircraft and air navigation;

12.        Carriage of passengers and goods by railway, sea or air.

13.       Regulation of mines and minerals development.

14.       Regulation of labour and safety in mines and oilfields.

15.        Fishing and fisheries beyond territorial waters.

16.        Copyright; trade marks and merchandise marks.

17.        Ancient and historical monuments and records, and archaeological sites and remains.

18.         Vagrancy; nomadic and migratory tribes.

19.         Lunacy and mental deficiency.

20.      Commercial and Industrial monopolies, combines and trusts.

SCHEDULE 4 : UNION LIST : KENDRA SUCHI

1.      Defence of India.

2.      Naval, military and air forces; any other armed forces of Union.

3.      Delimitation of cantonment areas.

4.      Foreign affairs..

5.      Diplomatic, consular and trade representation.

6.      Foreign trade policy matter.

7.      Citizenship, naturalization and aliens.

8.      Extradition.

9.      Admission into, and emigration and expulsion from India; passports and visas.

10. Piracies and crimes committed on the high seas or in the air;

11. Currency, coinage and legal tender; foreign exchange.

12. Reserve Bank of India.

13. Post and telegraph policy matters

14. Post Office Savings Bank.

15. Aviation

16. Terminal taxes on international passangers.

17. Import and export across customs frontiers; definition of customs frontiers

18. Duties of customs on import.

19. Railway policy matters

20. Broad casting (Only policy matters)

21. National highways only policy matters.

22. Establishment of standards of weight and measure.

23. The Survey of India, the Geological, Botanical, Zoological and Anthropological Surveys of India; Meteorological organizations.

24. Census.

25. United Nations Organizations.

26. Policy matters of posts and telegraphs; telephones, wireless, broadcasting and other like forms of communication.

SCHEDULE 5 : Nyay list : NYAY SUCHI

Rashtriya Nyay Sabha.

1.      Administration of Justice, Constitution, organization, jurisdiction and powers of the Rashtriya Nyay Sabha, Rajya Nyay Parishad, Jilla Nyay Samiti, Taluka Nyay Panch.

2.      Extension of the jurisdiction of a Rajya Nyay Parishad / Jilla Nyay Samiti to, and exclusion of the jurisdiction of a Rajya Nyay Parishad / Jilla Nyay Samiti from, any union territory.

3.      All elections in the country i.e. Lok Sabha, Legislatures of States, District Panchayats, President, Vice-President. The Election Commission. Rashtriya Nyay Sabha, Rajya Nyay Parishad, Jilla Nyay Samiti, Taluka Nyay Panch

4.      Central Bureau of Intelligence and investigation

5.      Prisons, reformatories, Borstal institutions and other institutions of a like nature, and persons detained therein;

6.      Preventive detention for reasons connected with Defence, Foreign Affairs, or the security of India; persons subjected to such detention

7.      Audit of the accounts of the Union and of the States. Controller and Auditor general of India.

8.      Offences against laws with respect of any of the matters.

9.      Courts of wards encumbered and attached estates.

10. Civil procedure, including all matters included in the Code of Civil Procedure limitation and arbitration.

11. Actionable wrongs.

12. Bankruptcy and insolvency.

13. Marriage and divorce; infants and minors; adoption; wills, intestacy and succession; joint family and partition, all matters.

14. Evidence and oaths; recognition of laws, public acts and records, and judicial proceedings.

15. Recovery in a State of claims in respect of taxes and other public demands, including arrears of land-revenue and sums recoverable as such arrears arising outside that State.

16. Inquiries and statistics for the purposes of any of the matters

17. Fees in respect of any of the including fees taken in any court.

18. Salaries and allowances of members of Parliament, MLAs, ministers of Central and State Governments members of District Panchayats etc.