CHAPTER 18 :   PROPERTIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES


Article 18.1 :

People of India are real owner of each and every property and natural resources of India. All Governments from village to union are simply administrators of all properties and natural resources. No any government will claim ownership on any property or natural resources.

Article 18.2 :

Farmers are owners of all agricultural land possessed by them. No Government can acquire any agricultural land of any farmer without his consent except for express reason granted by Rashtriy nyay sabha for the purpose of security of India in which case market price will be paid to the concern farmer plus he must be given alternative land elsewhere.

Article 18.3 :

All public non agricultural land within the territory of village will be owned and administered by the Gram sabha.

Article 18.4 :

All public water resources within the territory of village will be owned and administered by gram sabha.

Article 18.5 :

All public forest within the territory of village will be owned and administered by gram sabha.

Article 18.6 :

All public offices of central Government will be owned by central Government irrespective of whether it is situated in any village or in any town or city.

Article 18.7 :

All public offices of State Government will be owned by State Government irrespective of whether it is situated in any village or in any town or city.

Article 18.8 :

All public offices of District Panchayat will be owned by District Panchayat irrespective of whether it is situated in any village or in any town or city.

Article 18.9 :

All public offices of Taluka Panchayat will be owned by Taluka Panchayat irrespective of whether it is situated in any village or in any town or city.

Article 18.10 :

All public roads including national highways, state highways, district level roads are common property of people of India and no any particular village, town  or any Government can claim the ownership exclusively.

Article 18.11 :

All public ports of India are common property of people of India and no any particular village, town  or any Government can claim the ownership exclusively.

Article 18.12 :

All public natural resources such as rivers, mountains, forest, mines  etc. are common property of people of India and no any particular village, town  or any Government can claim the ownership exclusively.

Article 18.13 :

No any scheme of harnessing the natural resources can be made by central Government or State Government or District panchayats for the benefit of section of the people at the cost of another section of the people.

Article 18.14 :

Local population has first right to use natural resources for their maintenance (but not for earning profits) with due care to preserve the natural resources and with due care to protect environment.